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By JEROME MICHAEL EBRUPHIYO/Politics/Tuesday, September 7, 2021

What Is The Importance Of The 1999 Constitution Of Nigeria?

The 1999 constitution is a set of principles that was documented to help in the governance of the country. The 1999 Nigerian Constitution (Fourth Republic Constitution) is the supreme law of Nigeria. While it is the main book of laws, not all the laws in Nigeria are contained in this constitution. 1999 Constitution of Nigeria after the overthrow of military rule which took place in the country for 33 years. This constitution restored democratic rule in Nigeria. This post will provide the solution to "What is the importance of the 1999 constitution of Nigeria?" as well as provide answers to questions like: Why is a constitution important? What is Constitution explain the importance of Constitution? What are the features of Constitution in Nigeria? What are the 5 rights in the Constitution?

The Importance Of The 1999 Constitution Of Nigeria

  • Protection of individual rights and freedoms thereby limiting the power of the government and establishing a check and balance system
  • To establish the structure of the government by stating the major organs of government which includes the legislature, executive and judiciary organs
  • The 1999 Constitution of Nigeria protects different institutions by the Public Complaints Commission Act, the National Youth Service legislation, the National Securities Agencies Act, the Land Use Act, etc
  • The constitution states the duties that the citizens are required to perform
  • The constitution of Nigeria also states the procedure of becoming a citizen of Nigeria and renouncing his/her citizenship

What Are The Functions Of The Nigeria Constitution?

The functions of the constitution of Nigeria include protectingthe Fundamental human rights of all Nigerian citizens which are the following:
  • Right to life
  • Right to personal liberty
  • Right to dignity
  • Right to privacy
  • Right to fair hearing
  • Right to freedom of expression
  • Right to freedom of thought, conscience and religion
  • Right to freedom of movement within Nigeria
  • Right to acquire and own immovable property anywhere in Nigeria


There is an integral part of the 1999 constitution which should be properly adjusted which is in relation to federalism which implies adoption of the present 774 Local Government Areas as part of the federating units: “Nigeria shall be a Federation consisting of States and a Federal Capital Territory” (chapter 1, section 2 (2). It consists in the fact that the country includes three tribes, Hausa, Igbo, and Yoruba
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