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What Are The three Arms of Government in Nigeria And Their Functions?

JEROME MICHAEL EBRUPHIYO Wednesday, June 1, 2022 Politics

 

Introduction

In Nigeria, there are three arms of government and they are the legislature, the executive and the judiciary. Each of these arms of government have their various functions but they all work for the purpose of achieving a common goal which is good governance. Lets now take a look at the 3 types of government, the 3 arms of government and their functions and the 3rd arm of government.

The Legislative Arm of Government in Nigeria

Legislature is the law making body of the government. The legislators are the representative of the people and are generally regarded as the policy maker. The legislature also amends the constitution, controls the executive officials, carryout impeachment and disciplinary actions on public servants. Nigeria operates a bicameral legislature in which there is the upper house (senate) and the lower house (House of Representatives) both house are generally regarded as the national assembly.

Functions of the Legislative Arm of Government in Nigeria

  • The primary function of the legislature is law making; a process whereby a bill undergoes a rigorous process in the legislature before it is passed into law
  • The legislature supervises the executive
  • They also control public expenditure and the imposition of taxation
  • It has the power to remove the executive. This is done through a vote of censure in a presidential system
  • Legislators represent opinions and interest of their constituents
  • Legislators approve the appointment by the executives of ministers and ambassadors in a presidential system
  • The legislature ratifies judicial appointments of the executive

The Executive Arm of Government in Nigeria

The executive arm of government is responsible for carrying out the general administration of the country. It is responsible for executing the law of the state. The executive arm of government appears to be the most influential organ. It is the most important organ due to the indispensable role it plays in life of citizens. It draft executive bill and submit to the legislature for deliberation. It also maintains diplomatic relation with other countries, initiating and signing treaties and carrying out bilateral agreements and engagement with other countries. It is the executive that sign bill into law and also prepares annual budget which it submits to the legislature for confirmation. In parliamentary system, the executive is the cabinet which comprises the prime minister and ministers while in the presidential system, the executive is the president. The president appoints ministers who assist him in this task.

Functions of the Executive Arm of Government in Nigeria

  • The primary function of the executive is to implement government policies and programmes and enforce public laws
  • The executive formulates policies and laws, which are submitted to the legislature for debate and approval
  • The executive makes law under delegated legislation
  • The executive symbolizes the state and performs ceremonial functions such as taking salute during state ceremonies
  • The executive gives political leadership to the government
  • The structure sends and receives diplomatic representatives, negotiates international treaties and agreements and formulates foreign policies
  • The executive is in charge of the armed forces and possess the power to declare and wage war and proclaim a state of martial law

Types of Executives

There are two types which are parliamentary and presidential executives
  • The Presidential System of Executive, a measure of stability is guaranteed the government; since the government does not have to resign if it is defeated in the legislature whereas it has to resign in such a case in parliamentary system
  • The Parliamentary System of Executive largely subordinates the executive to the legislature and this ensures that the executive is under constant checks by the representatives of the people

The Judiciary Arm of Government in Nigeria

This organ is responsible for interpreting the law made by the legislature to the general public and punishment of offenders. The head of the judiciary is the chief justice.

Function of the Judiciary Arm of Government in Nigeria

  • They serve as the custodian of the constitution and safeguard the right and liberties of citizens
  • They settle dispute between individuals or between an organizations
  • The judiciary through it judicial review can declare the executive act non and void or legislative act non and void
  • They access the gravity of punishment that is suitable for the offense committed
  • The judiciary is organized hierarchically from the magistrate court, high court, the appeal court and the Supreme Court

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What Are The three Arms of Government in Nigeria And Their Functions?

JEROME MICHAEL EBRUPHIYO Wednesday, June 1, 2022 Politics

 

Introduction

In Nigeria, there are three arms of government and they are the legislature, the executive and the judiciary. Each of these arms of government have their various functions but they all work for the purpose of achieving a common goal which is good governance. Lets now take a look at the 3 types of government, the 3 arms of government and their functions and the 3rd arm of government.

The Legislative Arm of Government in Nigeria

Legislature is the law making body of the government. The legislators are the representative of the people and are generally regarded as the policy maker. The legislature also amends the constitution, controls the executive officials, carryout impeachment and disciplinary actions on public servants. Nigeria operates a bicameral legislature in which there is the upper house (senate) and the lower house (House of Representatives) both house are generally regarded as the national assembly.

Functions of the Legislative Arm of Government in Nigeria

  • The primary function of the legislature is law making; a process whereby a bill undergoes a rigorous process in the legislature before it is passed into law
  • The legislature supervises the executive
  • They also control public expenditure and the imposition of taxation
  • It has the power to remove the executive. This is done through a vote of censure in a presidential system
  • Legislators represent opinions and interest of their constituents
  • Legislators approve the appointment by the executives of ministers and ambassadors in a presidential system
  • The legislature ratifies judicial appointments of the executive

The Executive Arm of Government in Nigeria

The executive arm of government is responsible for carrying out the general administration of the country. It is responsible for executing the law of the state. The executive arm of government appears to be the most influential organ. It is the most important organ due to the indispensable role it plays in life of citizens. It draft executive bill and submit to the legislature for deliberation. It also maintains diplomatic relation with other countries, initiating and signing treaties and carrying out bilateral agreements and engagement with other countries. It is the executive that sign bill into law and also prepares annual budget which it submits to the legislature for confirmation. In parliamentary system, the executive is the cabinet which comprises the prime minister and ministers while in the presidential system, the executive is the president. The president appoints ministers who assist him in this task.

Functions of the Executive Arm of Government in Nigeria

  • The primary function of the executive is to implement government policies and programmes and enforce public laws
  • The executive formulates policies and laws, which are submitted to the legislature for debate and approval
  • The executive makes law under delegated legislation
  • The executive symbolizes the state and performs ceremonial functions such as taking salute during state ceremonies
  • The executive gives political leadership to the government
  • The structure sends and receives diplomatic representatives, negotiates international treaties and agreements and formulates foreign policies
  • The executive is in charge of the armed forces and possess the power to declare and wage war and proclaim a state of martial law

Types of Executives

There are two types which are parliamentary and presidential executives
  • The Presidential System of Executive, a measure of stability is guaranteed the government; since the government does not have to resign if it is defeated in the legislature whereas it has to resign in such a case in parliamentary system
  • The Parliamentary System of Executive largely subordinates the executive to the legislature and this ensures that the executive is under constant checks by the representatives of the people

The Judiciary Arm of Government in Nigeria

This organ is responsible for interpreting the law made by the legislature to the general public and punishment of offenders. The head of the judiciary is the chief justice.

Function of the Judiciary Arm of Government in Nigeria

  • They serve as the custodian of the constitution and safeguard the right and liberties of citizens
  • They settle dispute between individuals or between an organizations
  • The judiciary through it judicial review can declare the executive act non and void or legislative act non and void
  • They access the gravity of punishment that is suitable for the offense committed
  • The judiciary is organized hierarchically from the magistrate court, high court, the appeal court and the Supreme Court

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