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What Are The Roles Of State Government In The Nigerian ?

Blessing Billions Friday, November 19, 2021 Politics

 

Introduction

The role of the state government is to promote the state economy and to take operational control over most government programs for individuals, such as social programs and risk management. States have the legal right to protect and promote human rights, including the right to social security, and ensure that people can realize their rights without discrimination.In every state, the Executive Branch is headed by a governor who is directly elected by the people, other leaders in the executive branch are also directly elected, including the lieutenant governor, the attorney general, the secretary of state, and auditors and commissioners.This post will provide information on "What are the roles of state government in Nigeria?" and also provide answers to questions regarding the Roles Of state government In Nigeria.

What Is State?

A state is a planned political structure that operate under a government. It is a form of human association distinguished from other social groups by its purpose, the establishment of order and security its methods, the laws and their enforcement, its territory, the area of jurisdiction or geographic boundaries and its sovereignty. A state is a political division of a body of people that occupies a territory defined by frontiers. The state is sovereign in its territory referred to as jurisdiction and has the authority to enforce a system of rules over the people living inside it. The government has the responsibility to preserve, protect and defend the territory of the State. The laws made by the government are applicable to all parts of the territory of State even though the territory belongs to the State and not to the government.States may be categorized as independent if they are not dependent on, or subject to, any other power or state. A state is composed of four major elements and they are: Government, Population, Territory and Sovereignty.

Essential Characteristics Of A State

  • Population
  • Territory
  • Government
  • Permanence
  • Recognition
  • Sovereignty
  • Taxation
  • System of laws

What Is A State Power?

State power may refer to Police power, the capacity of a state to regulate behaviors and enforce order within its territory, that is the extroverted concept of power in international relations and the introverted concept of political power within a society which is its Social influence.

What Is State Government?

A state government is defined as the government of a country subdivision in a federal form of government and it shares political power with the federal or national government. A state government may have some level of political autonomy or may be subjected to the direct control of the federal government and this relationship may be defined and controlled by a constitution. The reference to "state" denotes country subdivisions that are officially or widely known as "states".

The Functions And Relevance Of State government

  • Keeping order, making laws, providing law enforcement and courts
  • They include the power to set up courts, to levy taxes, and to spend and borrow money
  • Providing security, preventing crimes and protecting citizens from various attacks
  • Providing public services by establishing and delivering services in health care, educational, science and cultural spheres
  • Guiding the community as in managing the economy and conducting foreign relations
  • Maintenance of Order
  • Guarantee of Human Rights and Protection of Citizens
  • Conservation and Provision of Social Amenities
  • Provision of Employment and Promotion of Economic Activities
  • Regulate commerce within the state
  • Conduct elections
  • Fostering Foreign Relations
  • Establish courts, make and enforce laws
  • Charter banks and corporations
  • Establish local governments
  • Issue licenses for marriage, driving, hunting amongst others
  • Ratify amendments
  • Support the public health of the citizens
  • Set laws for legal drinking and smoking ages
  • Create state Constitution

What are the six roles of the government?

  • Maintains competition in the marketplace
  • Redistributes income
  • Provides public goods and services
  • Provides the legal and social framework within which the economy operates
  • Cor- reacts for externalities
  • Takes certain actions to stabilize the economy

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