What is Nigerian Flag: History and Functions of Nigerian Flag

Nuelson Penuel Sunday, June 4, 2023 Basis


meaning of Nigerian flag


In this post, am going to discuss the Nigerian flag. You will be able to learn about the history of Nigerian flag, meaning of Nigerian flag, what white color in the Nigerian flag stands for, what the green color in Nigerian flag stands for and also what is the symbol of Nigerian flag.

Nigerian Flag

The Nigerian flag consists of three equal vertical stripes, with the two outer stripes colored green and the middle stripe white. The green color represents Nigeria's agricultural wealth, while the white stripe represents peace. Inside the white stripe is a green "Y" shape that represents the confluence of the two main rivers in Nigeria, the Niger and the Benue. The flag was first adopted on October 1, 1960, when Nigeria gained its independence from British colonial rule.

History of Nigerian Flag

Nigeria's current flag was designed in 1959 by a Nigerian student named Michael Taiwo Akinkunmi, who was studying at Norwood Technical College in London. He submitted his design in response to a national competition to create a new flag to replace the British Union Jack, which had been Nigeria's official flag since it became a British protectorate in 1901. Akinkunmi's design was selected from over 2000 entries and was adopted on October 1, 1960, when Nigeria gained its independence from Britain. The flag's green and white colors were inspired by the uniforms of the Nigerian Football Association team, which were green and white, while the green color itself represented Nigeria's agricultural wealth and the white color symbolized peace. The "Y" shape in the middle of the flag represented the confluence of the two main rivers in Nigeria, the Niger and the Benue, and symbolized the unity of the country's diverse population. The flag's design has remained unchanged since its adoption, even through Nigeria's turbulent political history, including its civil war from 1967 to 1970. Today, the Nigerian flag remains a powerful symbol of the country's national identity and aspirations.

Functions of Nigerian Flag

Here are some of the functions of the Nigerian flag: 1. National Identity: The flag serves as a symbol of national identity for the people of Nigeria. It represents the values, history, and traditions of the country. 2. Patriotism: The Nigerian flag evokes feelings of patriotism and loyalty among Nigerians. It reminds them of their heritage and encourages them to work towards the betterment of their country. 3. International Representation: The flag is used to represent Nigeria in the international community. It is flown at diplomatic missions, international events, and sporting events to show Nigeria's presence. 4. Unity: The flag promotes unity among Nigerians, regardless of their ethnic or religious background. It serves as a unifying force by representing the collective interests of all Nigerians. 5. Symbol of Hope: The Nigerian flag symbolizes hope for a better future. It inspires Nigerians to work towards a brighter tomorrow and reminds them of their potential as a nation. Overall, the Nigerian flag plays an essential role in the socio-cultural and economic development of the country.


In conclusion, the Nigerian flag has various functions and serves as an integral part of the country's national identity, international representation, unity, patriotism and symbol of hope. It is a significant symbol of the country's values and traditions, and a reminder of the potential of Nigeria as a nation. The flag stands as a representation of Nigeria's rich agricultural wealth and peace. The flag symbolizes the collective interests of all Nigerians, irrespective of their ethnic or religious background.

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