What Are The Top 5 Major Physical Features Of Nigeria?

JEROME MICHAEL EBRUPHIYO Wednesday, September 15, 2021 Science and Nature

The geographic profile of the country changes dramatically from lowlands in the southern regions, washed by the ocean to plateaus in the central part, endless plains in the north, and mountains in the southeastern areas. This influences the life in country greatly and offers pleasure to tourists. This post will provide information on "What is the top 5 major physical features of Nigeria?" as well as provide answers to questions like: What is the 2 major physical features of Nigeria? What is physical setting of Nigeria? What is Nigeria best known for? What is the geography and climate of Nigeria?

Major Physical Features of Nigeria

The major physical features that can be found in Nigeria are listed below;

1. Natural Deposits of oil, Gas and Other Mineral Resources in Nigeria

Nigerian is rich in diverse natural treasures. The ancient crystalline rocks contain ores of precious and rare metals like niobium, wolfram, molybdenum, zirconium, uranium, gold, and silver. Sediments are rich with coal, oil, gas, limestone, and lots more.

2. The Climatic Profile of Nigeria

Nigeria has a tropical climate with average temperatures of 26-29 degrees Celsius on the coast, 23-33 degrees in the northern parts, and 21-26 degrees in Central Plateau. In the southern regions, the season of rains lasts between April and November while in the northern region, the rains fall from May to November. The climate of the country allows growing a range of agricultural species of vegetation like yam, sweet potato, corn, cocoa beans, and cotton. Palm trees that are good for the production of kernel oil occupy a big territory of the country. The climate also allows animal rearing and fish farming.

3. The Highland Regions In South-Eastern Peaks of Nigeria

The area of mountains stretches towards Cameroon and crosses the border. This is the tallest region of the country with the Chappal Waddi height of 7,936 feet. The mountainous region is cooler than the plains and lowlands and tourists often choose it for their visits. The climate of this area is good for local forests and animals in them.

4. Lowlands in Nigeria

The majority of the northern part is occupied with plateaus that are quite high compared to lowlands. Still, the number of species of both animals and vegetation grows as you start to move southwards. The central part of Nigeria gives a perfect idea of the wilderness via the local national park. This reserve saves the wild nature of savanna and a range of wild animal species that make this place the best national park in Nigeria.

5. Nigerian Coastline, Waters and Swamps

Nigeria has 530 miles of coastline that’s limited by the borders of Benin in the west and the border of Cameroon in the south. Nigeria has more than 200 miles of coastal waters that stretch out into the Atlantic Ocean. The coastline include many sandy beaches that are interesting to tourists and are well developed. From those beaches, tourists can swim, dive, and observe the wild nature of the coasts. Some of the beaches are located close to Lagos and are more urbanized.

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