Step-by-Step Guide on How to Immigrate to Canada from Nigeria

Nuelson Penuel Sunday, October 22, 2023 Basis



Immigrating to Canada from Nigeria can be an exciting opportunity for individuals seeking better career prospects, quality education, and a high standard of living. Canada welcomes immigrants through various immigration programs designed to attract skilled workers, entrepreneurs, students, and others who can contribute to the country's economy and cultural diversity. This step-by-step guide outlines how to immigrate to Canada from Nigeria, key aspects of Canadian immigration policies and the types of immigration programs available for Nigerian applicants.

Canadian Immigration Policy

Canada's immigration policy focuses on attracting individuals who have the skills, education, work experience, and language proficiency to integrate into the Canadian society successfully. The policy promotes economic growth, innovation, and diversity, while also upholding humanitarian values by providing refugee resettlement programs.

Types of Canadian Immigration Programs

Canada offers a range of immigration programs to accommodate different skill sets, experience levels, and goals of prospective immigrants. Here are the key types of Canadian immigration programs to consider when planning to immigrate to Canada from Nigeria:

1. Express Entry System:

The Express Entry system is the primary pathway for skilled immigrants to obtain permanent residency in Canada. It manages applications for three federal economic immigration programs: a. Federal Skilled Worker Program (FSWP): The FSWP is designed for individuals with skilled work experience in a specific occupation. Applicants must meet criteria related to education, language proficiency, work experience, and adaptability factors. To qualify, candidates need to score a certain number of points in the Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS) and be invited to apply for permanent residency. b. Federal Skilled Trades Program (FSTP): The FSTP targets skilled tradespeople who have work experience in a designated trade. Applicants must meet specific requirements, including possessing a valid job offer in Canada or a certificate of qualification in the skilled trade issued by a Canadian provincial/territorial authority. c. Canadian Experience Class (CEC): The CEC is intended for temporary foreign workers and international students with Canadian work experience. Applicants must meet the language proficiency, work experience, and educational requirements to be eligible for permanent residency.

2. Provincial Nominee Programs (PNPs):

Provincial Nominee Programs are designed to fill labor market gaps in specific provinces or territories. Each province/territory in Canada has its own immigration program with different streams targeting specific occupations or categories. Applicants should have skills and work experience that align with the province/territory's economic needs.

Provincial Nominee Programs may include:

a. Skilled Worker Streams: These streams target skilled individuals with work experience in occupations in demand within the province or territory. b. Entrepreneur Streams: These streams are for individuals interested in starting or investing in a business in a specific province/territory. c. International Graduate Streams: These streams are tailored to international students who have completed their studies in a particular province/territory and wish to transition to permanent residency.

3. Atlantic Immigration Pilot Program (AIPP):

The AIPP is a collaborative effort between the federal government and the Atlantic provinces (New Brunswick, Newfoundland and Labrador, Nova Scotia, and Prince Edward Island). It aims to address the labor market needs of these provinces by attracting and retaining international skilled workers and international graduates. The AIPP includes the following streams: a. Atlantic High-Skilled Program: Targeting skilled workers with a job offer from an employer in one of the Atlantic provinces. b. Atlantic Intermediate-Skilled Program: For individuals with a job offer from an employer in an intermediate-skilled occupation. c. Atlantic International Graduate Program: For international students who have graduated from a recognized institution in the Atlantic provinces and have a job offer from an employer.

4. Family Sponsorship:

Under the Family Class sponsorship program, Canadian citizens and permanent residents can sponsor eligible family members to become permanent residents of Canada. This program allows immigrants to be reunited with their close family members, including spouses/common-law partners, dependent children, parents, and grandparents.

5. Caregiver Programs:

The caregiver immigration programs are designed for individuals with experience taking care of children, elderly persons, or individuals with medical needs. These programs provide pathways for caregivers to obtain permanent residency based on their work experience in Canada.

Step by Step for Immigrating to Canadian from Nigeria

1. Research and Determine your Eligibility:

a. Understand the Canadian Immigration Programs: Familiarize yourself with the various immigration programs offered by the Canadian government, such as Express Entry, Provincial Nominee Programs (PNPs), and the Atlantic Immigration Pilot Program (AIPP). b. Assess Your Eligibility: Use the online tools provided by the Canadian government, such as the Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS) for Express Entry, to determine your eligibility for specific programs. Consider factors such as age, education, work experience, language proficiency, and adaptability.

2. Improve Your Language Proficiency:

a. Take a Language Proficiency Test: Language proficiency is a vital aspect of the Canadian immigration process. Schedule and complete language tests such as the International English Language Testing System (IELTS) or the Canadian English Language Proficiency Index Program (CELPIP) to demonstrate your language skills. b. Consider Preparing for French Proficiency: French language skills are a valuable asset for certain immigration programs. Consider taking French language courses and exams such as the Test d'évaluation de français (TEF) to enhance your profile.

3. Education Credentials Assessment:

a. Obtain your Educational Documents: Gather all your educational certificates, transcripts, and degrees. b. Get an Educational Credential Assessment (ECA): Choose an approved organization by Immigration, Refugees, and Citizenship Canada (IRCC) to evaluate your education credentials. This assessment ensures the Canadian government recognizes your educational qualifications.

4. Create an Express Entry Profile:

a. Create an account on the IRCC website: Set up your profile on the Express Entry system and provide accurate information about your education, work experience, language proficiency, and other relevant details. b. Enter the Pool and Improve your CRS Score: Once your profile is complete, you will be entered into the Express Entry pool. Strategically enhance your CRS score by obtaining additional certificates like the Provincial Nomination or a job offer in Canada.

5. Research and Apply for Provincial Nominee Programs (PNPs):

a. Explore PNPs: Research various PNPs offered by different provinces and territories in Canada. Each PNP has unique criteria and requirements. b. Submit an Expression of Interest (EOI): Express your interest in a specific PNP by submitting an EOI. If you receive a nomination, it significantly increases your chances of obtaining permanent residency.

6. Gather and Submit Required Documents:

a. Obtain the necessary documents: Gather documents such as passport, birth certificate, marriage certificate, police clearance certificates, and proof of work experience. b. Submit Your Application: Follow the specific instructions provided for each immigration program to submit your application either online or through a paper application.

7. Attend Interviews and Medical Examinations:

a. Attend Interviews: If required, attend interviews scheduled by the Canadian immigration authorities or consulate. b. Complete Medical Examinations: Undergo a medical examination conducted by an approved panel of physicians to ensure you are in good health.

8. Receive Confirmation of Permanent Residence (COPR):

a. Wait for Application Processing: The processing time varies for each program. Monitor the progress of your application through regular updates. b. Receive the COPR: Upon approval, you will receive the COPR, allowing you to become a Permanent Resident of Canada.


Immigrating to Canada from Nigeria may seem like a complex process, but by following this step-by-step guide, you can navigate the immigration journey with confidence. Remember to thoroughly research the available immigration programs, assess your eligibility, and prepare your documents and language proficiency tests. Continuously enhance your profile, explore PNPs, and follow the application processes diligently. With determination, you can secure your place in the diverse and promising land of opportunities that Canada offers. Remember to consult official immigration resources and seek professional advice when needed to ensure a successful immigration pathway.

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