Problems and Solutions of Nationalism in Nigeria

Nuelson Penuel Wednesday, May 31, 2023 Basis


What is Nationalism?

Nationalism is a belief and ideology that emphasizes the importance of loyalty and devotion to a nation or country, often based on shared cultural, historical, or social identity. It involves a strong sense of pride in one's country and a desire to promote and protect its interests, values, and traditions. Nationalism can manifest in various forms, including patriotism, cultural identity, and political nationalism. It can be a unifying force within a society, but it can also lead to exclusion, discrimination, and conflict if it is used to suppress or marginalize minority groups.

Overview of Nationalism Problem in Nigeria

The problems of nationalism in Nigeria are primarily related to the country's diverse ethnic and cultural groups. While nationalism can promote unity and a sense of national identity, it can also lead to exclusion and marginalization of minority groups. Nationalism that emphasizes one cultural or ethnic group can exacerbate tensions and conflicts between different groups, and promote political instability. In addition, corruption and ineffective governance have led to distrust in the government and weakened national identity. To address these challenges, Nigeria needs to develop a sense of national identity that celebrates the country's diversity, and prioritize effective governance and the national interest over personal or ethnic interests. Hence, in this post, we are going to discuss what is nationalism, overview of nationalism problems in Nigeria and possible solutions to these.

Problems and Solutions of Problems of Nationalism in Nigeria

1. Ethnic divisions: Nationalism often leads to the promotion of one ethnic group over others, causing marginalization and creating divisions. Solutions include promoting national unity and identity, reducing regional imbalances, and creating fair and transparent policies that benefit all Nigerian citizens. 2. Tribalism: Nationalism that values tribal affiliation over national identity can be divisive, leading to conflicts and exclusions. Solutions include promoting respect for diversity and encouraging cultural exchange programs that foster unity. 3. Religious conflicts: Nationalism that reinforces one religion's dominance over others can create religious tensions and conflicts. Solutions include ensuring that the government remains secular, respecting religious diversity, and creating policies that prevent religious discrimination. 4. Discrimination: Nationalism can lead to discrimination against certain ethnic and religious groups, leading to violence and unrest. Solutions include creating anti-discrimination laws, promoting diversity, and encouraging dialogue between different groups. 5. Regional imbalances: Nationalism can create regional imbalances, with some regions feeling left out of the national development and political process. Solutions include affirmative action policies that provide equal opportunities in all regions and encouraging entrepreneurship and innovation in overlooked regions. 6. Corruption: Nationalism can exacerbate corruption by promoting personal gain over public interests. Solutions include promoting transparency and accountability in governance, creating better policies, eradicating impunity, and engaging civil society in governance. 7. Insecurity: Nationalism can create insecurity and promote violent extremism, leading to loss of lives and property. Solutions include effective law enforcement, promoting community engagement, and addressing the root causes of insecurity, such as inequality and poverty. 8. Ineffective governance: Nationalism can lead to ineffective governance if leaders prioritize their ethnic or religious interests over the national interest. Solutions include promoting meritocracy, creating policies that benefit all Nigerians, and holding leaders accountable for their actions. 9. Lack of patriotism: Nationalism can create a narrow view of patriotism, leading to low national pride and low civic engagement in Nigeria. Solutions include promoting a broader understanding of patriotism and educating citizens on the importance of national unity and development. 10. Cultural erosion: Nationalism can lead to the erosion of cultures that do not conform to the dominant culture. Solutions include promoting cultural diversity and preserving cultural heritage through national policies. 11. Political polarization: Nationalism can create political polarization, leading to divisive political rhetoric and partisan politics. Solutions include promoting dialogue, nonviolent communication, and encouraging political parties to put national interests before personal interests. 12. Brain drain: Nationalism can lead to a brain drain, where top talent leaves Nigeria in search of better opportunities elsewhere. Solutions include creating better opportunities in Nigeria by creating enabling environments that promote entrepreneurship and investment. 13. Poor human rights record: Nationalism can lead to poor human rights records, including violations of civil and political rights. Solutions include promoting human rights education, holding rights violators accountable, and strengthening institutions that protect human rights. 14. Poor economic performance: Nationalism can hamper economic growth if policies are not conducive to diverse business participation or if the government prioritizes ethnic interests over the national interest. Solutions include promoting economic diversity, prioritizing good governance in the national budgetary process, and creating policies that support the private sector. 15. Climate change challenges: Nationalism can create climate change challenges if countries prioritize national interests over global interests in addressing the causes and effects of climate change. Solutions include prioritizing climate change solutions in national policies and adopting international agreements aimed at mitigating climate change.


In conclusion, though the problems of Nationalism in Nigeria is growing stronger and stronger every day, putting some right practices in place can help to overcome these nationalism problems in Nigeria. Therefore, it is advisable that government should try to implement law of unity and equity in order to promise.

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