Comprehensive List of Richest States in Nigeria by GDP

Nuelson Penuel Saturday, August 12, 2023 Basis


What is GDP?

GDP stands for Gross Domestic Product. It is a commonly used measure to gauge the economic performance of a country or region. GDP represents the monetary value of all goods and services produced within a specific geographical area over a specified period of time, typically a year. It measures the total economic output of an economy. GDP is calculated by adding up the value of all final goods and services produced, including consumer spending, investment, government spending, and net exports (exports minus imports). It provides a broad measure of the overall economic activity and productivity within a country. GDP is often used to compare the economic performance of different countries, analyze economic trends, and make policy decisions. It helps economists, policymakers, and investors understand the health and growth of an economy, as well as its size relative to other economies. However, it is important to note that GDP alone does not capture other aspects of well-being, such as income distribution, quality of life, or environmental sustainability. In this post, we will be looking at some of the most richest states in Nigeria by GDP. Here, we picked 10 richest Nigerian states right now and their respective GDP.

1. Lagos State

Lagos State, located in the southwestern part of Nigeria, is widely recognized as the richest state in the country in terms of GDP. Covering an approximate area of 3,577 square kilometers, it is home to Nigeria's economic hub, Lagos City. Lagos State contributes significantly to the nation's overall GDP, estimated to be around 30%. The state's robust economy is driven by a diverse range of industries, including finance, manufacturing, trade, and services. It hosts the headquarters of numerous national and multinational companies, as well as the busiest seaports and airports in the country. The state's infrastructure is also highly developed, with well-paved roads, modern transportation systems, and a burgeoning real estate sector.

2. Rivers State

Rivers State, located in the southern part of Nigeria, is another wealthy state with a strong GDP. Covering an approximate area of 11,077 square kilometers, it is strategically positioned along the coastline of the Niger Delta region. Rivers State is recognized as the oil and gas hub of Nigeria, hosting several multinational oil companies and refineries. The state's petroleum industry significantly contributes to its GDP, and it is also involved in other sectors such as agriculture, manufacturing, and services. The capital city, Port Harcourt, is a major economic center, with a bustling commercial sector and well-developed infrastructure.

3. Delta State

Delta State, situated in the southern part of Nigeria, covers an approximate area of 17,698 square kilometers. Like Rivers State, Delta State is an oil-producing state and benefits from the revenues generated from the oil and gas industry. The state has a vibrant agricultural sector, particularly in the production of oil palm, rubber, and cassava. Its GDP is further bolstered by the presence of petrochemical industries, manufacturing, trade, and services. The state's capital, Asaba, serves as an administrative and commercial hub, offering various amenities and opportunities for economic growth.

4. Ogun State

Ogun State, located in the southwestern part of Nigeria, covers an approximate area of 16,409 square kilometers. It is known for its robust industrial base and proximity to Lagos, making it an attractive destination for both local and foreign investments. Ogun State hosts several industrial estates and manufacturing companies, contributing significantly to its GDP. The state is engaged in various sectors, including agriculture, manufacturing, construction, and services. It is also well-connected by road and rail networks, facilitating easy transportation of goods and services.

5. Oyo State

Oyo State, situated in the southwestern part of Nigeria, covers an approximate area of 28,454 square kilometers. The state has a diverse economy, with key sectors including agriculture, trade, manufacturing, and services. Oyo State's GDP is boosted by the presence of notable industries, such as food processing, textiles, and furniture manufacturing. The state capital, Ibadan, is a commercial and educational center, housing several institutions of higher learning. Oyo State's infrastructure development, including road networks, power supply, and healthcare facilities, further supports its economic growth.

6. Kano State

Kano State, located in the northern part of Nigeria, covers an approximate area of 20,131 square kilometers. It is known as a major commercial and industrial center in the country. Kano State's economy is largely agrarian, with agricultural activities such as cotton, groundnut, wheat, and rice production being significant contributors to its GDP. The state also has a thriving manufacturing sector, including textiles, tanneries, and food processing industries. Kano City, the state capital, is an important trade hub, attracting business activities from neighboring countries like Niger and Chad.

7. Akwa Ibom State

Akwa Ibom State, located in the southern part of Nigeria, covers an approximate area of 7,081 square kilometers. It is one of the major oil-producing states in Nigeria, with offshore crude oil exploration and production significantly contributing to its GDP. The state's economy also benefits from industries such as petrochemicals, natural gas processing, and agriculture, particularly in the cultivation of crops like cassava, palm oil, and rubber. The state capital, Uyo, is a growing commercial center with modern infrastructure and a thriving service sector.

8. Edo State

Edo State, situated in the southern part of Nigeria, covers an approximate area of 17,802 square kilometers. The state's GDP is driven by the oil and gas industry, as it is home to several oil fields and produces a significant amount of crude oil. Edo State's economy is also diversified, with industries such as agriculture, manufacturing, and services contributing to its overall GDP. The state has a rich cultural heritage and is known for its historical sites, attracting tourism and contributing to its economic growth.

9. Anambra State

Anambra State, located in the southeastern part of Nigeria, covers an approximate area of 4,844 square kilometers. The state has a predominantly agrarian economy, with agriculture playing a significant role in its GDP. Anambra State is known for its high agricultural productivity, particularly in the cultivation of crops such as yam, cassava, rice, and vegetables. The state also has thriving manufacturing and commerce sectors, with industries producing products like textiles, pharmaceuticals, plastic goods, and leather products. The state capital, Awka, is a growing commercial hub and provides various business opportunities.

10. Enugu State

Enugu State, situated in the southeastern part of Nigeria, covers an approximate area of 7,161 square kilometers. The state's economy is diverse, with contributions from industries such as coal mining, manufacturing, commerce, and services. Enugu State has rich coal deposits, historically contributing to Nigeria's revenue. The city of Enugu, the state capital, has a well-developed commercial sector, with markets, shopping malls, and business districts driving economic activities. The state is also known for its educational institutions and healthcare facilities, attracting investment and contributing to its overall GDP.


These states stand out as the richest in Nigeria based on their GDP, primarily driven by the oil and gas industry, manufacturing, and a diverse range of economic activities. They contribute significantly to Nigeria's overall economic growth and play a crucial role in attracting investments, creating employment opportunities, and promoting development within their regions.

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