Comprehensive List of Public Holidays in Nigeria

Nuelson Penuel Saturday, August 12, 2023 Basis


What are Nigerian Public Holidays?

Nigerian public holidays refer to the designated days in Nigeria that are recognized as official holidays by the government. These holidays are observed nationwide, and they generally entail a day off from work or school for Nigerians. Public holidays in Nigeria can include religious observances, national celebrations, or events of historical significance. They are typically marked by various activities, ceremonies, and cultural events that commemorate the significance of the particular holiday being observed. Additionally, public holidays provide an opportunity for Nigerians to spend time with family, engage in leisure activities, or participate in community festivities. Here is the comprehensive list of public holidays in Nigeria:

1. New Year's Day (January 1st):

New Year's Day is a national holiday that marks the beginning of the Gregorian calendar year. It is celebrated with various activities, including parties, fireworks, and family gatherings.

2. Easter Friday (Friday before Easter Sunday):

Easter Friday, also known as Good Friday, commemorates the crucifixion of Jesus Christ. It is a Christian holiday observed by Christians in Nigeria through church services and quiet reflection.

3. Easter Monday (Monday after Easter Sunday):

Easter Monday is a public holiday that follows Easter Sunday. It is a day for relaxation and family outings, such as picnics and gatherings.

4. Workers' Day (May 1st):

Workers' Day, also known as Labour Day, is a public holiday that celebrates the contributions and achievements of workers. It is a day to recognize workers' rights and the importance of fair labor practices.

5. Democracy Day (May 29th):

Democracy Day commemorates the return to democratic governance in Nigeria. It honors the sacrifices of individuals in the struggle for democracy and promotes the values of freedom, liberty, and justice.

6. Children's Day (May 27th):

Children's Day is a day dedicated to celebrating the rights and well-being of children. It is a day for children to have fun, participate in social activities, and raise awareness about issues affecting them.

7. Eid al-Fitr (varies each year):

Eid al-Fitr marks the end of Ramadan, the Islamic holy month of fasting. It is a time for Muslims to celebrate with prayers, feasts, and acts of charity. The date of Eid al-Fitr varies each year as it follows the Islamic lunar calendar.

8. Independence Day (October 1st):

Independence Day is a significant national holiday that celebrates Nigeria's independence from British colonial rule in 1960. It is marked by parades, cultural displays, fireworks, and speeches by government officials.

9. Eid al-Adha (varies each year):

Eid al-Adha, also known as the Feast of Sacrifice, commemorates the willingness of Ibrahim (Abraham) to sacrifice his son as an act of obedience to Allah. Muslims celebrate with prayers, feasts, and sharing of meat with family, friends, and the less fortunate. The date of Eid al-Adha varies each year as it follows the Islamic lunar calendar.

10. Christmas Day (December 25th):

Christmas Day is a religious and cultural holiday that celebrates the birth of Jesus Christ. It is observed by Christians in Nigeria through church services, family gatherings, gift exchanges, and festive meals.

11. Boxing Day (December 26th):

Boxing Day is a day after Christmas Day that originated in the United Kingdom. In Nigeria, it is a public holiday on which people often spend time with family, engage in leisure activities, and give gifts or donations to those in need.


Please note that some holidays, such as Eid al-Fitr and Eid al-Adha, follow the Islamic lunar calendar, so their exact dates may vary each year. Additionally, some states in Nigeria may have additional public holidays specific to their regions.

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