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Comprehensive List of All Nigerian Banks Swift Code

Nuelson Penuel Wednesday, August 16, 2023 Basis

 

What is Bank Swift Code?

A Bank Swift Code (Society for Worldwide Interbank Financial Telecommunication), also known as a BIC (Bank Identifier Code), is a unique code used to identify a specific bank or financial institution worldwide. It is an internationally standardized format of bank identification, and it is used when sending or receiving money transfers between banks, especially for international wire transfers. The Swift Code consists of a combination of letters and numbers and is typically 8 or 11 characters long. Each part of the code represents different information about the bank.

Structure of Bank Swift Code

Here's how a typical Swift Code is structured: 1. Bank Code: The first four letters represent the bank or financial institution's code. For example, "BOFA" represents Bank of America. 2. Country Code: The next two letters represent the country where the bank is located. For example, "US" represents the United States. 3. Location Code: The next two letters or digits represent the location of the bank. It can be a specific city or branch. For example, "NY" represents New York. 4. Branch Code (optional): If the bank has multiple branches, there may be an additional three-digit branch code at the end of the Swift Code. This part is optional.

How Does Swift Code Work?

Here's how the Swift Code works: 1. Unique Identification: Each bank is assigned a unique Swift Code, also known as a Bank Identifier Code (BIC). This code consists of 8 or 11 characters and is made up of various components that provide specific information about the bank. 2. Message Routing: When a financial institution sends a message or initiates a transaction, it includes the recipient bank's Swift Code in the message header. This Swift Code serves as an address or routing code, ensuring that the message reaches the correct bank. 3. Swift Network: The message containing the Swift Code is sent through the secure SWIFT network. SWIFT acts as a neutral intermediary, ensuring the confidentiality and integrity of the information transmitted between banks. 4. Message Translation: When the message reaches the recipient bank, it uses the Swift Code to identify and translate the message into a format that the bank's internal systems can understand. This allows the recipient bank to process the transaction or carry out the requested operation. 5. Correspondent Banking: If the transaction involves multiple banks, especially for international transfers, correspondent banks come into play. The Swift Code helps identify the correspondent bank(s) involved, ensuring that the message and funds are correctly routed through the chain of banks involved in the transaction. 6. Confirmation and Settlement: Once the recipient bank processes the message and completes the necessary checks, it sends a response message back to the originating bank. This process provides confirmation of the transaction and initiates settlement of the funds involved.

Uses of Bank Swift Code

The Bank Swift Code is used primarily for international transactions, especially when making wire transfers between banks. Here are some of the common uses of a Bank Swift Code: 1. International Wire Transfers: When sending money internationally, the sender needs to provide the recipient's Swift Code along with other necessary information like the account number and bank details. This ensures that the funds are correctly routed to the intended bank and account. 2. Interbank Communication: Swift Codes are used by banks to exchange secure messages and financial information between themselves. This communication can relate to various banking operations like confirming account details, verifying funds availability, and agreeing on terms of financial transactions. 3. International Trade and Commerce: Swift Codes play a crucial role in international trade and commerce. They are used by importers and exporters to settle payments, manage letters of credit, and facilitate international transactions. The Swift Code helps to identify and route payments to the correct bank and account involved in the trade transaction. 4. Correspondent Banking: Banks use Swift Codes to identify correspondent banking relationships. Correspondent banks act as intermediary banks, facilitating international transfers and providing services such as currency exchange, clearing payments, and trade finance. 5. Regulatory and Compliance Requirements: Swift Codes also assist regulatory authorities and financial institutions in monitoring and tracking international financial transactions. They aid in enforcing anti-money laundering (AML) and combating the financing of terrorism (CFT) regulations by ensuring transparency and traceability of cross-border transfers.

Nigerian Banks Swift Code

Below is a list of Swift (BIC) codes for major Nigerian banks: 1. Access Bank Plc: ABNGNGLA 2. Central Bank of Nigeria: CBNINGLA 3. Ecobank Nigeria Plc: ECOCNGLA 4. Fidelity Bank Plc: FIDTNGLA 5. First Bank of Nigeria Limited: FBNINGLA 6. Guaranty Trust Bank Plc: GTBINGLA 7. Heritage Bank Plc: HBCLNGLA 8. Stanbic IBTC Bank Plc: SBICNGLX 9. Standard Chartered Bank Nigeria Limited: SCBLNGLA 10. Union Bank of Nigeria Plc: UBNINGLA 11. United Bank for Africa Plc: UNAFNGLA 12. Unity Bank Plc: ICITNGLA 13. Wema Bank Plc: WEMANGLA 14. Zenith Bank Plc: ZEIBNGLA 15. Citibank Nigeria Limited: CITINGLA 16. Diamond Bank Plc: DBLNNGLA 17. Keystone Bank Limited: PLNINGLA 18. Polaris Bank Limited: PRDTNGLA 19. SunTrust Bank Nigeria Limited: SUNTNGLA 20. Providus Bank Limited: PBNINGLA 21. Titan Trust Bank Limited: TTBLNGLA 22. Globus Bank Limited: GLONNGLA 23. Coronation Merchant Bank Limited: CMSNNGLA 24. Nova Merchant Bank Limited: NMENNGAA 25. Rand Merchant Bank Nigeria Limited: FIRNNGLA 26. First City Monument Bank Limited: FCMBNGLA

Conclusion

It's important to note that Swift codes may vary depending on the branch of the bank. It is advisable to confirm with the specific branch or institution directly for accurate and up-to-date information.

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