Child Labour Law In Nigeria: Challenges And Possible Solutions

JEROME MICHAEL EBRUPHIYO Friday, August 27, 2021 Basis


Child Labour Law In Nigeria: Challenges And Possible Solutions
Child labour laws are statutes placing restrictions and regulations on the work of minors. Child labour increased during the Industrial Revolution due to the children's abilities to access smaller spaces and the ability to pay children less wages. The child labour law was implemented in Nigeria 2020 when Nigerian senate gave the green light for full domestication of Child Right Act. But, can it solve a problem with child labour in full? What else do we need to beat this moldy problem of our society? This post therefore will provide information on child labour law in Nigeria: the challenges and possible solutions and also give answers to questions like: What are the major solution for the problem of child labour? What are the problems faced by child labour? How can we improve child labour awareness?

Origin Of Child Labour Law In Nigeria

The truth is that the roots of this problem are much deeper. We can assert with confidence that the implementation of international acts couldn’t be the only tool in this struggle. It is necessary to solve several tasks at once, not only in the legislative area. The connection between Federal and state levels should be achieved.

The Challenges Of Child Labour Law In Nigeria

According to the numbers, brought us by the International Labor Organization (ILO), about 250 million children aged 5 to 14 are forced to work in developing countries. 80 million or ? of them are from Africa.
  • In some African countries, children are armed and forced to participate in hostilities
  • In Nigeria, child labour is spread among cocoa beans farmers, Hawking along the road or streets and so on
  • The labour of children is used on the plantations where the law is ignored
  • The chocolate industry, governments, and civil rights organizations have created an international campaign to address the problem, but child labour continues to be exploited. There are cases of child labour in the silver and gold mines
  • The beggars and street dealers in towns. There are lots of infants among them, and such tendencies are quite worrying
We can assume that in some cases of child labour the final decision was made by parents, not by children themselves or these children have no parents at all. Some parents simply have no money to feed even themselves. In case of orphans, the things could be even worse, because no one would even try to find such kids. In both ways, we see the money on the other side. One part of people is using the poor status of the others. And another part has simply no other paths to survive, so they give a secret consent on these rules. Poverty is a global problem on the African continent, and maybe it is quite complex and the Child Labour Law can get real power if we face other challenges in the Country.

What Are The Major Solution For The Problem Of Child Labour?

  • Increased family incomes
  • Education: They need social and professional skills that only school and a nurturing environment can provide
  • Social Services
  • Family Control or Fertility
  • Eliminate poverty
  • Enforce child labour laws
  • Abolish child trafficking
  • Promote fair trade Fair trade practices guarantee a fair price to small-scale producers
  • Replace child workers by adult workers


Some significant moves were made already with different speech on all levels in Nigeria regarding how to defeat the problem of child labour once and forever. The beginning was laid and this issue became public. All we have to do is to back up these conversations: this initiative should not be left in the hands of government alone, but every member of the Nigerian society must take up responsibilities.

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