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15 Yorubas Herbs and their English Names

Nuelson Penuel Tuesday, October 17, 2023 Basis

 

Introduction

Yoruba herbs have long been valued for their medicinal properties and are an integral part of traditional Yoruba medicine. These herbs are derived from various plant species indigenous to the Yoruba region, and their usage dates back centuries. In this section, we will delve into some popular Yoruba herbs and their English names.

1. Ewuro (Bitterleaf)

Bitterleaf is a common herb used in Yoruba cuisine and traditional medicine. It is known for its bitter taste and numerous health benefits. Bitterleaf is rich in essential nutrients and antioxidants and is used to treat ailments such as malaria, stomachaches, diabetes, and inflammation.

2. Efo yanrin (Wild Lettuce)

Wild Lettuce is a leafy green herb that is commonly used in Yoruba cuisine. It has a slightly bitter taste and is rich in vitamins and minerals. In traditional Yoruba medicine, it is used to alleviate pain, induce sleep, and treat respiratory conditions.

3. Ewe iyalode funfun (Scent Leaf)

Scent Leaf, also known as Ocimum gratissimum, is widely used in Yoruba cuisine for its aromatic flavor. It possesses antibacterial and antifungal properties and is utilized in traditional medicine to treat coughs, colds, and digestive disorders.

4. It?l? (Moringa)

Moringa is a nutrient-rich herb that is widely recognized for its health benefits. It is highly valued in Yoruba medicine due to its anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial, and antioxidant properties. Moringa leaves, seeds, and roots are used to treat anemia, boost the immune system, and promote overall well-being.

5. Ewe ogbo (Neem)

Neem is a versatile herb used in Yoruba medicine for its potent medicinal properties. It possesses antibacterial, antiviral, and antifungal properties and is often used to treat skin conditions, such as acne and eczema. Neem leaves, bark, seeds, and oil are utilized in various remedies.

6. Iyin ojo (Aloe vera)

Aloe vera is a succulent plant that is highly regarded for its soothing and healing properties. It is commonly used in Yoruba traditional medicine to treat skin irritations, burns, and wounds. Aloe vera gel is known to have moisturizing and anti-inflammatory effects, making it a popular ingredient in skincare products.

7. Ewe p?p? (Basil)

Basil is an aromatic herb that is commonly used in Yoruba cuisine. It possesses antibacterial and antioxidant properties and is used in traditional medicine to alleviate digestive disorders, promote cardiovascular health, and manage diabetes.

8. Esinsin (Ginger)

Ginger is a widely recognized herb known for its distinct flavor and medicinal benefits. It is used in Yoruba medicine to relieve pain, soothe digestive issues, and reduce inflammation. Ginger is also infused in tea or added to various dishes for its warming and invigorating properties.

9. Efinrin (Scent Leaf/Basil, Ocimum basilicum)

Scent leaf, also known as basil, is an aromatic herb with a distinct flavor. It is commonly used in Yoruba cuisine and traditional medicine for its medicinal properties, including anti-inflammatory, antibacterial, and antifungal effects.

10. Ewe sawerepepe (Celosia argentea)

Celosia argentea, also known as silver cockscomb or quail grass, is a flowering plant used in Yoruba medicine. It is believed to have anti-inflammatory properties and is used to treat conditions like asthma, arthritis, and gastrointestinal issues.

11. Ewe morojuba (Pterocarpus santalinoides)

Pterocarpus santalinoides, known as African sandalwood or Osun in Yoruba, is a tree commonly used in traditional Yoruba medicine. It is believed to possess antimicrobial, anti-inflammatory, and antifungal properties and is used to treat various skin conditions, digestive disorders, and respiratory ailments.

12. Ewe yarin (Mistletoe)

Mistletoe is a parasitic plant that grows on various trees. In Yoruba medicine, it is used to treat hypertension, regulate blood pressure, and strengthen the immune system. Mistletoe is also employed in traditional Yoruba rituals and ceremonies.

13. Ewe abamoda (Newbouldia laevis):

Newbouldia laevis, also known as the boundary tree or tree of life, is considered sacred in Yoruba culture and is highly valued in traditional medicine. It is believed to possess antibacterial, analgesic, and anti-inflammatory properties. It is commonly used to treat malaria, fever, and infections.

14. Ewe aje (Vernonia amygdalina):

Vernonia amygdalina, commonly known as bitter leaf, is a potent herb used in Yoruba traditional medicine. It is known for its bitterness and is used to treat various ailments, including malaria, diabetes, digestive disorders, and detoxification of the body.

15. Ewe abamoda pupa (Red Bryophyllum pinnatum, also known as air plant or life plant):

This herb is highly valued for its potential anticancer and immune-boosting properties. It is believed to possess wound-healing effects and is used for treating skin conditions, wounds, and gastrointestinal disorders.

Conclusion

These are just a few examples of the many Yoruba herbs and their English names. Yoruba culture holds a rich tradition of utilizing natural remedies for various ailments, and these herbs continue to play a significant role in folk medicine. It is important to note that while these herbs are widely used in Yoruba traditional medicine, consulting with a healthcare professional is essential for proper diagnosis and treatment.

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