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What is JAMB and Functions of JAMB in Nigeria

Nuelson Penuel Saturday, June 3, 2023 Basis

 
In this article, you will learn the meaning of JAMB, history of JAMB , advantages and disadvantages of JAMB and functions of JAMB.

What is JAMB?

JAMB (Joint Admissions and Matriculation Board) is a Nigerian entrance examination regulating body. It was established in 1978 to oversee the process of admissions into tertiary institutions in Nigeria. JAMB conducts the Unified Tertiary Matriculation Examination (UTME), which serves as a prerequisite for admission into any Nigerian tertiary institution. It also conducts the Direct Entry (DE) examination which is an alternative mode of gaining admission into tertiary institutions. JAMB is responsible for formulating admission policies, guidelines, and procedures to ensure a fair admission process. It also maintains a comprehensive database of all candidates who have sat for UTME and DE examinations in Nigeria.

History of JAMB in Nigeria

JAMB, or the Joint Admissions and Matriculation Board, was established in Nigeria in April 1978 by the military government of General Olusegun Obasanjo. At the time of its formation, JAMB was created with the mandate to regulate and coordinate the admissions process into Nigerian universities. Initially, JAMB was established as a means to centralize the admission processes for all candidates seeking admission into Nigerian tertiary institutions. This was in response to mounting criticisms regarding admission fraud, inconsistencies in cut-off points, and failure to admit eligible candidates. Since its establishment, JAMB has undergone several reforms and transformations. These include a change in the mode of admission from the "manual" system to a more "computer-based" system, the introduction of a National Identification Number (NIN), the use of biometrics to verify candidates' identities, and the digitalization of the examination process. Today, JAMB is responsible for conducting the Unified Tertiary Matriculation Examination (UTME), a computer-based test taken by prospective Nigerian university students. It is also responsible for guiding candidates through the admission process and ensuring that the best candidates are offered admissions based on merit.

Advantages of JAMB in Nigeria

The advantages of JAMB in Nigeria include: 1. Standardized Admission Process: JAMB provides a standardized admission process to all candidates seeking admission into Nigerian tertiary institutions. This ensures a fair and equitable admission process for all candidates. 2. Reduced Exam Malpractice: JAMB UTME exams are computer-based, which reduces the chances of exam malpractice and cheating. This ensures that only deserving candidates gain admission into tertiary institutions. 3. Access to Information: JAMB provides candidates with access to important information such as the cut-off marks of various institutions, syllabus, and exam dates for UTME and DE examinations. This helps candidates to prepare adequately for the examinations. 4. Transparency: JAMB follows strict admission policies and guidelines, which makes the admission process transparent. This ensures that candidates are offered admission based on merit, and not on any other criteria. 5. Centralized Database: JAMB maintains a comprehensive database of all candidates who have sat for UTME and DE examinations in Nigeria. This helps to avoid duplication of admission into different institutions.

Disadvantages of JAMB in Nigeria

The disadvantages of JAMB in Nigeria include: 1. Limited Capacity: The limited capacity of Nigerian tertiary institutions is a major disadvantage of JAMB. Many candidates are denied admission into their choice institution due to limited admission spaces, despite their good UTME and DE scores. 2. Inadequate Facilities: Some JAMB accredited centers lack adequate facilities, such as computers, power supply, and internet connectivity, which can cause inconvenience for the candidates. 3. Technical Issues: Sometimes, there are technical issues during the administration of JAMB exams, such as system failures, poor internet connectivity, and delays in releasing results, which can be frustrating for candidates. 4. Cost of Registration: The cost of JAMB registration, which includes purchasing forms, paying for exam takers, and other logistics, may be considered exorbitant for many candidates, particularly those from low-income families. 5. Inability to Choose Course of Study: Candidates are often unable to choose their preferred course of study due to the high cut-off marks set by institutions and the limited admission spaces available. This may force candidates to settle for courses they are not passionate about or are not interested in.

10 Functions of JAMB in Nigeria

Here are 10 functions of JAMB in Nigeria: 1. Conducting UTME: JAMB is responsible for conducting the Unified Tertiary Matriculation Examination (UTME) which serves as a prerequisite for admission into any tertiary institution in Nigeria. 2. Result Management: JAMB is responsible for the management and release of UTME results and also ensures that the results are made available to the candidates. 3. Admission Process Regulation: JAMB regulates the admission process into all tertiary institutions in Nigeria by providing guidelines and benchmarks for admission. 4. Central Admissions Processing System (CAPS): JAMB introduced the CAPS which serves as a platform for processing admissions into various tertiary institutions. It ensures that institutions follow the guidelines and benchmarks set by JAMB. 5. Conducting Examination for Direct Entry: JAMB also conducts the Direct Entry (DE) examination which is an alternative mode of gaining admission into tertiary institutions in Nigeria. 6. Data Management: JAMB maintains a database of all candidates who have taken UTME and DE examinations and provides access to tertiary institutions to carry out their admission processes. 7. Syllabus and Curriculum Development: JAMB is responsible for developing, updating and regulating the syllabus and curricula for the UTME and DE examinations. 8. Monitoring and Evaluation of Tertiary Institutions: JAMB monitors and evaluates the activities of tertiary institutions to ensure compliance with rules and regulations and also ensures that the institutions maintain high standards of education. 9. Provision of Educational Statistics: JAMB provides educational statistics to government agencies, researchers, and other stakeholders in the education sector. 10. Research and Development: JAMB carries out research and development activities to improve the quality and standard of its examinations and the admission process in Nigeria.

Conclusion

In conclusion, JAMB has played a pivotal role in shaping the admissions process in Nigerian tertiary institutions, by ensuring that the admission process is transparent, efficient, and fair. The introduction of computer-based tests and biometric verification has helped to curb fraud and ensure that only eligible candidates are admitted into Nigerian universities. JAMB continues to evolve and adapt to the changing needs of the education sector in Nigeria, and its continued efforts are helping to build a better future for Nigerian students.

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