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By JEROME MICHAEL EBRUPHIYO/Science and Nature/Tuesday, September 28, 2021

What Are The Health Benefits Of Rose Apple (Syzygium jambos)?

                              
                            
This post will provide information on "What are the health benefits of rose apple (Syzygium jambos)?" as well as provide answers to questions like: Where does rose apple originate from? Is a rose apple an apple? What kind of fruit is a rose apple? Is rose apple a berry? How do you eat an apple Rose? Is Rose apple poisonous? What is the health benefit of native apple? What part of an apple is the healthiest?

History of Rose Apple (Syzygium jambos)

The rose apple in no way resembles an apple, neither in thIt is a member of the myrtle family, Myrtaceae, and is technically known as Syzygium jambos Alston (syn. Eugenia jambos L.; Jambosa jambos Millsp.; Jambosa vulgaris DC.; Caryophyllus jambos Stokes). The rose apple is native to the East Indies and Malaya and is cultivated and naturalized in many parts of India, Ceylon and former Indochina and the Pacific Islands. It was introduced into Jamaica in 1762 and became well distributed in Bermuda, the Bahamas, the West Indies and, at low and medium elevations, from southern Mexico to Peru. In Guatemala, the tree may be planted as a living fencepost or in hedgerows around coffee plantations. For this purpose, it is drastically pruned to promote dense growth. It grows wild abundantly, forming solid stands and thickets, in Puerto Rico, the Virgin Islands, Guatemala, Honduras and Panama. In 1825, eight young trees were taken from Rio de Janeiro to Hawaii by ship, and, in 1853, a United States warship delivered avocado and rose apple trees from Central America to the island of Hilo. The rose apple became naturalized on the islands of Kauai, Molokai, Oahu, Maui and Hawaii. In 1893, it was reported as already cultivated in Ghana. It is semi-naturalized in some areas of West Tropical Africa and on the islands of Zanzibar, Pemba and Reunion. It is believed to have been first planted in Queensland, Australia, about 1896. A tree obtained from an Italian nursery has grown and borne well on the coastal plain of Israel. However, it is not of interest there as a fruit tree but rather as an ornamental.

Description of Rose Apple (Syzygium jambos)

The rose apple tree may be merely a shrub but is generally a tree reaching 25 or even 40 ft (7.5-12 m) in height, and has a dense crown of slender, wide-spreading branches, often the overall width exceeding the height. The evergreen leaves are opposite, lanceolate or narrow-elliptic, tapering to a point; 4 to 9 in (10-22 cm) long, and from 1 to 2 1/2 in (2.5-6.25 cm) wide; somewhat leathery, glossy, dark-green when mature, rosy when young. The flowers are creamy-white or greenish-white, 2 to 4 in (5-10 cm) wide, consisting mostly of about 300 conspicuous stamens to 1 1/2 in (4 cm) long, a 4-lobed calyx, and 4 greenish-white, concave petals. There are usually 4 or 5 flowers together in terminal clusters. Capped with the prominent, green, tough calyx, the fruit is nearly round, oval, or slightly pear-shaped, 1 1/2 to 2 in (4-5 cm) long, with smooth, thin, pale-yellow or whitish skin, sometimes pink-blushed, covering a crisp, mealy, dry to juicy layer of yellowish flesh, sweet and resembling the scent of a rose in flavor. In the hollow center, there are 1 to 4 brown, rough-coated, medium-hard, more or less rounded seeds, 3/8 to 5/8 in (1-1.6 cm) thick, which loosen from the inner wall and rattle when the fruit is shaken. Fragments of the seedcoat may be found in the cavity.

Health Benefits of Rose Apple (Syzygium jambos)

  • Controls diabetes
  • Helps in digestion
  • Prevents cancer
  • Reduces toxicity
  • Improves heart health
  • Boosts immune system
  • Treats bladder infections
  • Prevents dehydration during pregnancy
  • Strengthen bones
  • Treats Coeliac Disease

Side Effects of Rose Apple (Syzygium jambos)

  • The leaves, seeds, and roots of rose apples contain a high amount of cyanide or prussic acid that is dangerous for health
  • Over-consumption of the fruit apart from its skin and flesh can cause constipation
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