How to Start Mango Farming Business in Nigeria

Nuelson Penuel Wednesday, November 15, 2023 Business


how to start mango farming business in Nigeria


Mango farming in Nigeria presents a lucrative opportunity for entrepreneurs interested in the agricultural sector. With favorable climatic conditions, a large domestic market, and growing demand for mangoes both locally and internationally, starting a mango farming business can be a rewarding venture. In this blog post, we will provide a detailed guide on how to start a mango farming business in Nigeria.

Procedures for Starting Mango Farming Business in Nigeria

Step 1: Market Research and Feasibility Study Before diving into mango farming, conduct thorough market research to understand the demand and competition in the industry. Identify potential buyers, wholesalers, and retailers who can purchase your mangoes. Additionally, evaluate the feasibility of mango farming by considering factors such as land availability, access to water, climate suitability, and potential pests or diseases. Step 2: Land Acquisition and Preparation Acquire or lease land suitable for mango cultivation. Look for well-drained soil with good fertility and ample sunlight. Prepare the land by clearing any vegetation, removing rocks and debris, and plowing or tilling the soil to improve its structure. Consider testing the soil to determine its nutrient content and pH level and make necessary amendments to optimize fertility. Step 3: Selecting Mango Varieties Choose mango varieties that are well-suited for your region, market demand, and disease resistance. Popular varieties in Nigeria include Keitt, Tommy Atkins, Kent, and Ogbomoso. Consult with agricultural extension services or experts to select the best varieties for your specific location and market requirements. Step 4: Planting and Cultivation Prepare mango seedlings by sourcing seeds from reputable nurseries or extracting them from healthy mango fruits. Plant the seeds in a nursery bed or poly bags filled with a well-drained potting mix. As the seedlings grow, ensure regular watering, fertilization, and protection from pests and diseases. After about six to eight months, transplant the seedlings to the main field, ensuring adequate spacing and proper planting techniques. Step 5: Irrigation and Maintenance Provide regular irrigation during dry periods to support healthy mango tree growth and fruit development. Install appropriate irrigation systems such as drip irrigation or sprinklers to ensure efficient water distribution. Implement timely weed control, mulching, and application of organic or inorganic fertilizers to enhance soil fertility and boost tree productivity. Regularly monitor the orchard for pests and diseases, and promptly take appropriate control measures. Step 6: Harvesting and Post-Harvest Handling Mangoes generally take three to five years to start bearing fruit. Harvesting periods vary depending on the mango variety, but generally, mangoes are harvested when they are mature but still slightly firm. Handle harvested mangoes with care to avoid bruising or damage. Sort and grade the fruits based on size, quality, and market requirements. Employ appropriate packaging materials to preserve the quality during transportation to the market. Step 7: Marketing and Sales Develop a marketing strategy to effectively sell your mangoes. Identify potential buyers such as wholesalers, retailers, exporters, and processors. Establish relationships with local markets, supermarkets, and fruit vendors. Consider participating in agricultural fairs, exhibitions, and online platforms to showcase and sell your mangoes. Leverage social media and other digital marketing channels to create awareness and attract customers.

Cost of Mango Farming Business in Nigeria

The cost of starting a mango farming business in Nigeria can vary based on several factors such as land size, location, scale of operation, farming techniques, and infrastructure requirements. While specific costs will differ, below is a rough estimate of the expenses involved: 1. Land Acquisition: The cost of land can range from NGN500,000 to NGN5,000,000 ($1,300 to $13,000) per acre, depending on the location and fertility of the soil. 2. Site Preparation: Clearing the land, removing stumps, and preparing the soil may cost around NGN150,000 to NGN500,000 ($390 to $1,300) per acre, depending on the extent of preparation required. 3. Seedlings: The cost of mango seedlings or grafted saplings can range from NGN500 to NGN2,000 ($1.30 to $5) per seedling. For a 1-acre farm with an average planting density of 100 trees, the cost of seedlings would be approximately NGN50,000 to NGN200,000 ($130 to $520). 4. Farm Inputs: On average, the cost of fertilizers, pesticides, and other agrochemicals may amount to NGN100,000 to NGN300,000 ($260 to $780) per acre per year, depending on the specific requirements of the mango variety and farming practices. 5. Irrigation Systems: The cost of irrigation equipment, such as pumps, pipes, sprinklers, or drip irrigation systems, can vary. For a basic irrigation setup, the cost may range from NGN300,000 to NGN1,000,000 ($780 to $2,600) per acre. 6. Farm Equipment: Equipment costs can vary depending on the scale of operation and the choice to purchase or rent machinery. As a rough estimate, budgeting NGN300,000 to NGN1,500,000 ($780 to $3,900) for essential machinery is reasonable. 7. Labor Costs: Labor expenses for activities such as planting, pruning, harvesting, and maintenance can vary depending on the size of the farm and prevailing wage rates. Expect to allocate approximately NGN200,000 to NGN500,000 ($520 to $1,300) per acre annually for hired labor. 8. Infrastructure: Costs for boundary fencing, access roads, storage facilities, and water supply systems will vary based on the specific requirements of the farm. As a general estimate, budgeting NGN500,000 to NGN2,000,000 ($1,300 to $5,200) may be necessary. 9. Marketing and Distribution: Expenses for branding, packaging, transportation, and distribution will depend on the chosen marketing strategy. Allocate approximately NGN200,000 to NGN500,000 ($520 to $1,300) annually for marketing-related costs.

Benefits of Mango Business Farming in Nigeria

The following are some key benefits of mango farming in Nigeria: 1. High Market Demand: Mangoes are highly sought-after fruits in Nigeria and around the world. The growing population and increasing consumer awareness of the health benefits of mangoes have fueled the demand for this tropical fruit. This presents an excellent opportunity for mango farmers, as there is a ready market for their produce both domestically and internationally. 2. Favorable Climatic Conditions: Nigeria's diverse agro-ecological zones provide suitable conditions for growing mangoes. The country's tropical and sub-tropical climate, with adequate sunshine and rainfall, supports optimal mango tree growth and fruit production. The ability to cultivate mangoes across different regions of Nigeria increases the potential for success in the mango farming business. 3. Long Fruit Bearing Period: Once mango trees reach maturity, they have the capacity to bear fruit for several decades. This longevity translates into a consistent and reliable income stream for mango farmers. With proper care and maintenance, mango trees can yield significant fruit harvests for many years, ensuring a sustainable business venture. 4. Diverse Mango Varieties: Nigeria boasts a wide range of mango varieties, each with distinct flavors, textures, and colors. This diversity of mango cultivars enables farmers to cater to various consumer preferences and market demands. By growing different mango varieties, farmers can offer a diverse product range, enhancing market appeal and expanding their customer base. 5. Value-Added Products: Mangoes have a versatile nature that extends beyond fresh fruit consumption. The abundance of mangoes can be utilized to produce value-added products such as mango juice, mango puree, dried mango slices, mango jam, and mango ice cream. Diversifying into these products allows farmers to capture additional value from their mango harvest and tap into different consumer markets. 6. Export Opportunities: Nigeria is well-positioned to tap into the international market for mangoes. With the increasing global demand for tropical fruits, particularly in Europe, America, and the Middle East, Nigerian mango farmers have the potential to explore export opportunities. By meeting quality standards and complying with international regulations, farmers can access lucrative export markets and increase their revenue streams. 7. Job Creation and Rural Development: Mango farming has the potential to drive rural development and alleviate poverty in Nigeria. Engaging in this agricultural venture creates employment opportunities at various stages of the value chain, including planting, harvesting, packaging, processing, distribution, and marketing. By generating employment in rural areas, mango farming contributes to poverty reduction and rural economic development. 8. Environmental Sustainability: Mango farming promotes environmental sustainability. Mango trees play a vital role in ecosystem preservation by improving soil fertility, preventing soil erosion, and providing shade. Additionally, mango trees absorb carbon dioxide and release oxygen, contributing to reducing greenhouse gas emissions and combating climate change.


Starting a mango farming business in Nigeria requires careful planning, knowledge of cultivation techniques, and effective marketing strategies. By conducting market research, acquiring suitable land, selecting appropriate mango varieties, implementing proper cultivation practices, ensuring irrigation and maintenance, practicing effective post-harvest handling, and developing a robust marketing and sales strategy, you can establish a successful mango farming business in Nigeria. With perseverance, dedication, and continuous learning, you can tap into the growing demand for mangoes and contribute to the agricultural development of the nation.

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